The G20, or Group of Twenty, is a forum of the world’s largest economies, established in 1999 to promote international economic cooperation and reduce financial instability. The G20 includes 19 countries and the European Union, representing approximately 85% of the world’s economic output and two-thirds of the global population.
Since its creation, the G20 has been a critical player in shaping the global economic landscape and addressing some of the world’s most pressing economic and development challenges. At the annual G20 summit, the leaders of the member countries come together to discuss key issues, coordinate policies, and launch initiatives to promote sustainable and inclusive growth.
India already assumed the presidency of the G20 for a year, starting from December 1, 2022, to November 30, 2023. India took over the presidency from Indonesia and is set to host the leaders’ summit in November. The external affairs ministry has confirmed that the G20 Leaders’ Summit at the Heads of State or Government is scheduled to be held on September 9 and 10, 2023, in New Delhi.
The Group of Twenty (G20) is an intergovernmental forum that comprises 19 countries, including Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the UK, and the US, and the European Union (EU). The G20 accounts for 85% of the global GDP, 75% of international trade, and two-thirds of the world population making it the premier forum for international economic cooperation.
India is part of the G20 Troika, which includes the current, previous, and incoming G20 presidencies. During its presidency, the troika will consist of India, Indonesia, and Brazil, marking the first time consisting of three developing countries and emerging economies.
The country is expected to host more than 200 preparatory and other meetings beginning in December 2022. India is already identifying suitable venues for hosting these meetings in various regions, from Tamil Nadu to the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
In addition to regular international organizations such as the UN, IMF, World Bank, WHO, WTO, and ILO, and chairs of regional organizations such as ASEAN, India will invite Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, Netherlands, Nigeria, Oman, Singapore, Spain, and the United Arab Emirates as guest countries. The country will also invite the International Solar Alliance, Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure, and Asian Development Bank as international guest organizations.
India’s G20 presidency priorities are still being firmed up, but ongoing discussions centre around inclusive, equitable, and sustainable growth, Lifestyle For Environment (LiFE), women’s empowerment, digital public infrastructure, and tech-enabled development in areas such as health, agriculture, education, and tourism, climate financing, global food security, energy security, fight against economic crimes, and multilateral reforms.
The G20 includes the finance track, eight work streams, and the Sherpa track, 12 work streams, and ten engagement groups of the private sector, civil society, and independent bodies that focus on various issues.
The G20 Summit 2023 in New Delhi, India, is generating high hopes for redesigning the country’s global perspective. The event provides a platform for India to showcase its rapid development and address world economic crises. At the same time, hosting the G20 summit is also a significant opportunity for India to demonstrate its position as a leading global player and promote its economic and political interests. The country’s priorities for the summit include inclusive and sustainable growth, women’s empowerment, digital public infrastructure and tech-enabled development, climate financing, food security, and energy security. Overall, the G20 summit is expected to impact India’s economy and global standing positively.
The G20 plays a critical role in shaping the global economic landscape and addressing some of the world’s most pressing economic and development challenges. Through its annual summit and ongoing initiatives, the G20 is working to promote sustainable and inclusive growth, reduce financial instability, and build a better future for all.
The upcoming G20 presidency under India is poised to be an exciting and significant event for the international community. The country aims to bring together the world’s major developed and developing economies to work towards a better future.
Keywords used: G20, India, presidency, economic cooperation, global GDP, international trade, world population, economic crisis, country development, economic growth, inclusive, sustainable, Lifestyle For Environment (LiFE), women’s empowerment, digital infrastructure, tech-enabled development, health, agriculture, education, tourism, climate financing, food security, energy security, fight against economic crimes, multilateral reforms, New Delhi.
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