Diarytimes Media Network, Shimla Published by : Kumud Sharma, Updated May 7, 2023 by Diary Times
Introduction: What the Latest GST Collection Figures Tell Us
- According to a release from the Centre, the Finance Ministry has announced that the GST collections for April 2023 have reached a new all-time high, totalling Rs 1.87 lakh crore. This marks a significant increase of Rs 19,495 crore compared to the previous highest collection of Rs 1.67 lakh crore in April 2022. The new record collection in April 2023 is a positive sign for the Indian economy and reflects various factors such as increased compliance, economic growth, and improved tax administration. The GST collections for the month of April 2023 will continue to be analysed for insights into the broader economic recovery and future trends.
- In response to a Finance Ministry tweet, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has expressed his delight over the highest-ever GST revenue collection in April 2023, which amounted to Rs 1.87 lakh crore. The Prime Minister took to Twitter to call it “great news for the Indian economy” and highlighted how the rising tax collection despite lower tax rates is a testament to the success of GST in enhancing integration and compliance in the system.
- As per the Finance Ministry, the GST revenues for the month of April 2023 have increased by 12% in comparison to the GST revenues collected in April of the previous year. The domestic transaction revenues, which also include the import of services, have witnessed a 16% increase in comparison to the same month last year. This notable rise in GST revenue collections is a positive indication for the Indian economy and underscores the efforts to improve tax compliance, drive economic growth, and enhance the tax administration. The figures for GST revenue collections in April 2023 will continue to be analysed to better understand the key drivers of growth and the broader economic implications.
- The collections for April 2023 indicate a continuation of the upward trend, with GST collections rising for the second consecutive month. The Centre has reported a collection of Rs 1.49 lakh crore in February 2023, followed by a collection of Rs 1.60 lakh crore in March 2023, and a record-high collection of Rs 1.87 lakh crore in April 2023. These increasing GST collections are a positive development for the Indian economy, reflecting the various measures taken to improve tax compliance and administration. Looking ahead, the Centre aims to collect Rs 9.56 lakh crore in the current FY24 fiscal year, which represents a 12% increase over the FY23 collection. This optimistic target reflects the government’s confidence in the economy’s continued growth trajectory, even amidst the ongoing challenges posed by the pandemic and other factors.
- In April 2023, the gross GST revenue collection amounted to ₹1,87,035 crore, which includes ₹38,440 crore of CGST, ₹47,412 crores of SGST, ₹89,158 crores of IGST (including ₹34,972 crores collected on import of goods) and ₹12,025 crore of cess (including ₹901 crores collected on import of goods). The Centre has settled ₹45,864 crore to CGST and ₹37,959 crore to SGST from IGST. After the regular settlement, the total revenue of the Centre and the States for CGST and SGST stood at ₹84,304 crore and ₹85,371 crores, respectively.
State-Wise Breakdown: Which States Saw the Highest Revenue Collections?
- In April 2023, India’s GST collections reached a record high of Rs 1, 87,035 crore, a YoY increase of 12%. The highest collections were from Maharashtra (Rs 33,196 crore), followed by Karnataka (Rs 14,593 crore), Gujarat (Rs 11,721 crore), and Uttar Pradesh (Rs 10,320 crore). All states showed an increase in collections, with the highest YoY growth percentages in Sikkim (61%), Mizoram (53%), Manipur (32%), Nagaland (29%), Tripura (25%), Arunachal Pradesh (21%), Assam (15%), Jammu and Kashmir (44%), and Goa (32%).
Factors Driving Increased GST Collections in April 2023
- In March 2023, the total number of e-way bills generated was 9.0 crore, which is 11% higher than the 8.1 crore e-way bills generated in February 2023. The gross GST collection in April 2023 crossed the ₹1.75 lakh crore mark for the first time.
- April 20, 2023, marked the highest ever tax collection on a single day with ₹68,228 crores paid through 9.8 lakh transactions. This is higher than the highest single-day payment last year (on the same date) which was ₹57,846 crore through 9.6 lakh transactions.
- This growth is attributed to year-end compliances by taxpayers, overall growth in the economy, and the push for GST audits. Industry experts and players believe that this all-time high indirect tax collection indicates the robust growth of the Indian economy on a strong pick-up in consumer demand. Revenue authorities are on the job for tax recoveries by using data analysis and risky taxpayer identification, and the buoyancy is expected to continue with the Finance Minister’s push for automated return scrutiny and drive against fake billing and input tax.
- According to Mahesh Jaising, a partner and leader in indirect tax at Deloitte India, the growth in GST collections is due to the year-end compliances by taxpayers, growth in the economy, and the push for GST audits. Revenue authorities are also using data analysis and identification of risky taxpayers for tax recoveries. Jaising believes that the buoyancy in GST collections is likely to continue due to Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman’s push for automated return scrutiny and intensified drive against fake billing and input tax.
- The president of industry body ASSOCHAM, Ajay Singh, also praised the highest-ever GST collection of Rs 1.87 lakh crore in April 2023, stating that it marks an excellent beginning of FY24 and indicates robust growth of the Indian economy, backed by strong consumer demand. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has also expressed his pleasure at the record collections, saying that rising tax collection despite lower tax rates shows the success of how GST has increased integration and compliance.
- According to Gautam Mahanti, business head at IRIS Tax Tech, growth in e-way bills in March 2023 contributed to the GST collections. He added that the 12% growth in April 2023 from the previous year is due to the rise in e-way bills generated in March 2023, which witnessed a 16% growth from the same period last year. Mahanti believes that the record-breaking GST collection of Rs 1.87 lakh crore in April 2023 clearly indicates the positive impact of e-invoicing and strengthened compliance regulations, coupled with India’s thriving economy.
- Aditi Nayar, chief economist and head of research and outreach at ICRA, expects the pace of expansion in GST collections to be slightly moderate in the coming quarter due to a normalizing base and some cooling of inflation. However, collections have maintained a healthy 11-13% growth in recent months and are expected to remain in the high single digits.
Analysis of GST Collections in Context: How Do April’s Figures Compare to Previous Months?
- Compared to the GST revenue of the same month last year, the revenue for April 2023 increased by 12%, while the revenues from domestic transactions (including import of services) increased by 16% over the same month last year.
- All states recorded a growth in collections with the highest YoY growth percentages seen in Sikkim (61%), Mizoram (53%), Manipur (32%), Nagaland (29%), Tripura (25%), Arunachal Pradesh (21%), Assam (15%), Jammu and Kashmir (44%), Goa (32%), Karnataka (23%), Maharashtra (21%).
- Deloitte India’s partner, Saloni Roy, noted that Odisha and Gujarat’s GST collection growth at 3% and 4%, respectively, was unusual, but it was likely to be compensated in subsequent months.
Policy Implications of the Record-Breaking GST Collections
- The increase in GST collections is due to various factors, including the economic recovery after the pandemic-induced slowdown, increased consumption, and production. The government’s efforts to prevent tax evasion and increase compliance have also contributed to higher revenue collections. The simplification of the GST system and the reduction of the compliance burden on taxpayers have led to more businesses registering under the GST and complying with its regulations. Additionally, the introduction of the e-invoicing system has helped in increasing GST collections by making it easier for businesses to generate and authenticate invoices. These factors are expected to lead to a record-breaking GST collection of over Rs 1.5 lakh crore in April 2023, marking a significant milestone in the GST’s journey.
Conclusion: The Significance of April’s GST Collection Milestone for India’s Economic Recovery.
- The rise in GST collections is indeed a positive sign for the Indian economy, reflecting the revival of business activity and increased compliance with tax regulations. As the government continues to take measures to simplify the system and prevent tax evasion, it is expected that GST collections will continue to grow in the coming years. This sustained increase in collections will not only contribute to the government’s revenue but also indicate a healthier and more vibrant economy.
- In conclusion, the record GST collections in April 2023 are a clear indication of the robust growth of the Indian economy. The government’s efforts to simplify the system and increase compliance have paid off, with businesses recovering from the pandemic-induced slowdown and complying with tax regulations. The increase in GST collections can be attributed to several factors, including the economic recovery, the government’s crackdown on tax evasion, and the introduction of the e-invoicing system.
- The fact that the collections have crossed the Rs 1.75 lakh crore mark for the first time is a significant milestone in the GST’s journey. It is a testament to the success of GST in increasing integration and compliance, as noted by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Despite lower tax rates, the rising tax collection is proof of the government’s efforts towards improving the ease of doing business and boosting the overall economy.
- Moreover, the government’s focus on automation and the intensification of the drive against fake billing and input tax is expected to further increase compliance and revenue collections. The introduction of automated return scrutiny is a welcome move that will simplify the process for businesses and increase efficiency, leading to more accurate reporting of transactions.
- While the increase in GST collections is undoubtedly a positive sign, there are still challenges that need to be addressed. The impact of the pandemic on the economy cannot be ignored, and businesses are still struggling to recover fully. The government needs to continue its efforts towards improving the ease of doing business, providing a conducive environment for businesses to thrive, and addressing the concerns of the taxpayers.
- Furthermore, the GST rates need to be reviewed, and efforts should be made to simplify the system further. The GST Council needs to take a more consultative approach to address the issues faced by taxpayers and provide clarity on various aspects of the tax regime. There is also a need to increase awareness among taxpayers about the various provisions of the GST to ensure better compliance.
- In conclusion, the record GST collections in April 2023 are a positive sign for the Indian economy, indicating that businesses are recovering from the pandemic-induced slowdown and complying with tax regulations. The government’s efforts towards simplifying the system and increasing compliance have paid off, and the focus on automation and intensifying the drive against fake billing and input tax is expected to further increase compliance and revenue collections. However, challenges remain, and the government needs to continue its efforts towards improving the ease of doing business, addressing the concerns of taxpayers, and increasing awareness about the GST provisions.